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  • Writer's pictureTaher Tarraf

"Libya bears the brunt of the impact caused by Daniel. Let's explore the origins and characteristics

In the wake of devastating floods in Derna, Libya, the desperate search for thousands of missing individuals has reached its fourth day as of Thursday, September 14, 2023. The catastrophe, triggered by a powerful storm that led to the collapse of two dams near the city, has resulted in thousands confirmed dead, with the death toll expected to climb. #DernaFloods #LibyaDisaster #NaturalDisaster Officials in eastern Libya have reported over 5,000 deaths and estimate that around 10,000 people remain missing, with fears that many may have been swept into the sea. Derna, with a population of 100,000, saw at least 2,300 casualties due to the floods caused by Hurricane Daniel, which brought unprecedented rainfall to Libya after more than 40 years. #HurricaneDaniel #LibyaEmergency #MissingPersons Prior to Libya, Hurricane Daniel wreaked havoc in Greece, Bulgaria, and Turkey, as it was fueled by unusual weather patterns, including exceptionally hot conditions in Central Europe and the influence of Atlantic lows from the northwest. #ExtremeWeather #HurricaneDamage The term "Mediterranean cyclone" emerged in the 1980s when hurricane-like cloud formations were observed in satellite images over the Mediterranean Sea during the fall months. These cyclones have a spiral shape with a cloud-free "eye" at the center, and they bring heavy rain and storms. #MediterraneanCyclone #StormWarnings Mediterranean hurricanes typically occur in the fall but can also happen in winter when cold air from temperate regions moves toward the equator, creating a "cut-off low" in the upper atmosphere. Warm Mediterranean waters, exceeding 24 degrees Celsius, lead to water vapor condensation and the formation of a cloud vortex. These cyclones often reach tropical storm wind speeds (63-118 km/h) and cause destructive floods. #WeatherPhenomenon #StormSeason Mediterranean cyclones differ from their larger counterparts, with a maximum diameter of about 300 km and shorter lifespans, usually lasting only a few hours to rarely two days. Mountainous terrain exacerbates the impact of these storms. #CycloneCharacteristics #NaturalHazards In the case of Hurricane Daniel, coastal cities like Derna and Jebel Akhdar, as well as Marj, Sousse, Al-Bayda, and Benghazi, were severely affected. The destruction was exacerbated by the region's narrow coastal strip and a mountain plateau, which saw torrents of rainwater flow into the valleys, overwhelming dams and inundating vast areas. #CoastalCities #MountainTerrain

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